There are several different types of tablets available to treat people with type 2 diabetes. The specific medication or combination of medications used will depend on various factors, including the individual's blood glucose levels, age, health status, and any other medications they may be taking. The following are some common types of tablets used to treat type 2 diabetes:
- Metformin: This medication is often the first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes. It works by reducing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and improving the body's sensitivity to insulin.
- Sulfonylureas: These medications stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin, which helps to lower blood glucose levels.
- DPP-4 inhibitors: These medications help to increase the production of insulin and decrease the production of glucose by the liver.
- GLP-1 receptor agonists: These medications work by increasing the production of insulin and decreasing the production of glucose by the liver. They also slow down the movement of food through the stomach, which can help to reduce blood glucose spikes after meals.
- SGLT2 inhibitors: These medications work by reducing the amount of glucose reabsorbed by the kidneys, which helps to lower blood glucose levels.
- Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors: These medications work by slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates in the small intestine, which can help to prevent spikes in blood glucose levels after meals.
In addition to these medications, some people with type 2 diabetes may also require insulin therapy, which may be given via injection or insulin pump. The specific treatment plan will depend on various factors and will be tailored to meet the individual's needs.